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Find the Sum of Odd numbers between 0 and 50?

To find the sum of odd numbers between 0 and 50, identify the sequence's arithmetic progression (AP) and apply the sum formula for an AP.

by T Santhosh

Updated Jul 11, 2024

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Find the Sum of Odd numbers between 0 and 50?

Find the Sum of Odd numbers between 0 and 50?

To find the sum of odd numbers between 0 and 50, we recognize that these numbers form an arithmetic progression (AP), where each subsequent odd number increases by 2.

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The odd numbers between 0 and 50 are 1, 3, 5, ..., 49. These numbers are evenly spaced with a common difference of 2.

In an AP, the first term a, common difference d, and last term l can be identified.

Here, a = 1, d = 2, and l = 49

To determine how many terms (n) are there in this sequence:

l = a + (n - 1) d

49 = 1 + (n - 1) 2

48 = 2(n - 1)

n = 25

There are 25 odd numbers between 0 and 50.

The sum Sn of an AP can be calculated using the formula

Sn = n/2 x (a + l)

S25 = 25/2 x (1 + 49)

S25 = 25/2 x 50

S25 = 625

The sum of all odd numbers between 0 and 50 is 625.

Arithmetic Progression and Summation of Odd Numbers

Arithmetic Progression (AP) is a fundamental concept in mathematics that describes a sequence of numbers where the difference between consecutive terms is constant. This constant difference is known as the common difference (d). APs find wide application in various mathematical and practical scenarios due to their predictable nature and simple formulas.

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Definition

An AP typically starts with a first term (a) and each subsequent term increases or decreases by the common difference (d). For instance, in the sequence of odd numbers from 1, 3, 5, ..., each term increases by 2, making it an arithmetic progression with a = 1 and d = 2.

Formulas:

The nth term an of an AP can be determined using the formula

an = a + (n - 1) d

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where n is the position of the term.

The sum Sn of the first n terms of an AP is given by

Sn = n/2 x (2a + (n - 1) d)

These formulas allow mathematicians to quickly find specific terms or sums within an arithmetic sequence without having to list out all terms individually.

Problem Solving:

Problems involving APs often appear in competitive exams and mathematical puzzles. These problems test one's ability to apply AP formulas to find missing terms, identify patterns, or calculate sums efficiently. For example, determining the sum of odd numbers between certain ranges, like 1 to 50, involves recognizing the sequence as an AP and applying the sum formula to find the total.

Applications:

  • APs are extensively used in finance for calculating loan repayments, where each installment may increase or decrease by a fixed amount.
  • They are also prevalent in physics for calculating distances traveled over time when acceleration or deceleration is constant.
  • In statistics, APs can model linear trends in data over time, helping analysts predict future trends based on past patterns.
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